Newborn Baby Toys Baby toys are generally colorful, so that they appear attractive to the eyes of the babies. Infant toys are generally attached to the cribs or set on the floor, as the child can't move. * Nesting Cups * Rattles & Teethers * Stacking Rings * Soft Baby Building Blocks * Nesting Cups Nesting cups come in different colors and sizes, so that they can be stacked or nested. These toys can be used to develop the color and size recognition abilities and hand-eye coordination of the baby. The best nesting cups are made of plastics that come in several solid colors and may consist of more than five cups. * Rattles & Teethers Rattles & Teethers are great toys for children, especially when they are learning to chew. However, it is better to keep them in refrigerator when unused. The coolness of the refrigerated rattle will be a relief to the gums of the baby. Toys that make noise or move when squeezed also create massive development in the child. Babies get to know that their act of squeezing the toy makes it move or creates some sound from the toy. * Stacking Rings Stacking rings are as educational as nesting cups and come in different colors and sizes placed in a cone. These rings also help the child in color and size recognition, hand-eye coordination and for pretend play as well. The most inexpensive stacking rings are made of plastics. You can also buy the more fancy rings, which also contain other fun activities for the child. * Soft Baby Building Blocks Soft baby building blocks help the baby to develop motor skills. The baby will use his/her little fingers to grasp, lift and manipulate the building blocks. As such, they are considered to be one of the best toys for the little ones. For a very young age group, soft baby building blocks are preferable. You can also choose blocks with other activities embedded in them to increase their play value for the child.

Baby Breastfeeding Problems Some common problems associated with breastfeeding that one out of every two mother faces. While some problems disappear in due course of time, there are some that need professional help. * can happen because you have slept in a wrong position, sat for a few hours with the seat belt across your breast or a tight bra. Massaging the area or using warm compress on the area will help the lump to dissolve. If possible, position the baby in such a way that his/her jaw is near the lump, so he/she can feed and help in dissolving the lump. Feed from the sore side, if it doesn't work express milk from the breast. * White marks or sore nipples that don’t seem to heal are known as thrush. It can appear when either you or the baby have taken a course of antibiotics or may appear without any particular reason. Both of you may have to take oral medication or use anti-fungal cream. * Secondary engorgement takes place when the baby reduces the number of feeds he/she takes, maybe because he/she has started sleeping for longer hours at night. If this is the case, your body will reduce the amount of milk it is producing. Feed the baby more often to reduce engorgement. If baby is unable to latch on properly, express some milk to help him/her do so. Wear warm flannel clothing to ensure milk flow or have a warm shower before feeding to ensure the same. Using chilled cabbage leaves inside your bra can reduce the swelling. * baby is sucking your nipple and not the breast as a result of bad positioning. Dislodge the baby by inserting your finger gently into his/her mouth to break the grip. Reposition your breast, so that the breast and not just the nipple go inside the baby’s mouth. Try different positions. Express milk and rub it on the nipples as this will help in healing. Use the less sore side to feed the baby. * baby may want to keep feeding all the time as he/she is not positioned properly and there is insufficient supply of milk. In the initial days, the baby may insist on feeding continuously, simply because he/she enjoys it and breastfeeding is very comforting for him/her. It could also happen if the baby is trying to increase the supply of milk. If this activity is a change from his/her normal feeding pattern, it may return to normal in a day or two.

Baby Skin Care Tips in Winter Baby skin is sensitive and susceptible to the winter cold. You need to take special care to make sure your baby skin is not affected with cold. * Keep your baby’s clothes on a warm space before dressing. * Change baby’s clothes in stages so they are never entirely naked. * Heat the bathroom before taking baby for a bath. * Do not bring the baby outside directly after taking a bath. * Baby lotion is a good moisturizer. Spread the baby lotion as much over baby’s body as possible. * Exposure to water can make the skin rough and dry, so do not take baby for a bath every day. * Use soft winter clothes for your baby. A warm wool, cap and gloves are helpful to protect the delicate skin on hands, face and head. * Use skin care products which are rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin D and Vitamin E. * Use cold creams in place of baby powders. Creams form a protective layer that protects against roughness, moisture and uneasiness. *To prevent dry lips, apply lip care jelly for babies within a period of 3 to 4 hours.

Kids With Cancer The types of cancers that occur most often in kids are different from those seen in adults.If your kids has just been diagnosed with cancer, is going through treatment, or is trying to stay well after treatment. information on specific forms of kids cancer can help you find the answers you need. Other types of cancers are rare in kids, but they do happen sometimes. In very rare cases, children may even develop cancers that are much more common in adults. * Leukemia * Lymphoma * Wilms tumor * Retinoblastoma * Brain and other nervous system tumors * Neuroblastoma * Rhabdomyosarcoma * Bone cancer (including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma)

High School Age Children Outside This also means that they need less supervision than the younger children. Due to the more dangerous nature of the activities that they can get involved in, there still needs to be an adult present. They can also spend a lot more time outside too. * The kinds of activities that they can undertake range from swimming, rock climbing, canoeing and more. To bring the environmental learning into the equation, try setting a troubleshooting task. This might involve taking a particular problematic environment and identifying the issues to be addressed. * Learn how to lead other children in outdoor activities. * An understanding of aquatic situations. * How to identify different environmental problems and find solutions.

Middle School Age Children Outside Older children like to form groups, because they are at the stage where they have established good bonds of friendship. To get the best results of older children means getting them involved in team building exercises. That means performing team based games or sports activities will work really well. * Due to the higher energy levels that older children possess, the type of activity undertaken should be a little more strenuous. Such examples include cross country cycling, running, orienteering and role playing. If you establish a game that incorporates nature, you can play a more advanced version of hide and seek in which children role play. They can pretend to be a different creature in the food chain and use this to learn about ecology and the environment. What They Learn * How to identify why living organisms have to adapt to their environment. * How to distinguish between different ecosystems. * Learn how to use tools such as compasses and maps. * Learn how to identify different organisms

Outdoor Games for Primary School Children You are planning an outdoor walk it will have to bear other factors in mind, such as toileting needs, meal times and the weather. If you are planning a walk then make it short and use the elements of nature to keep the children occupied. * For example making a nature trail or treasure hunt for different elements in nature; will make the exercise seem like a fun trip. Younger children also need to be supervised by an adult too. * Adding excitement and interest to the outdoors can work if there is a trip to a nature park or farm, where the animals can provide that interest. Remember to supervise at all times, so safety is a key point to remember. This is are children learn in outdoor games * How to name favourite plants and animals. * Learn about the environment, such as habitats and ecosystems. * Learn about changes in the environment and how it affects people. * Learn about the basic skills for surviving outdoors. * Understanding how to read maps.

Traveling With a Baby Tips Tips Traveling Baby, Traveling Baby Tips Plane, Child Safety, Traveling Baby Care: Being away from home is a big change in routine for both, you and your baby, so you will have to plan ahead, even anticipate problems and be prepared to deal with them, so that the entire family enjoys a good holiday. Taking advice from parents, who have taken their children on holidays, is a good idea. * If you are hiring a car, ask the company to provide you with a baby seat, so that you don't have to carry one. * While booking a holiday, find out what facilities the tour operator provides. Children, who are two years or below, usually travel for free. Your baby will require a passport. * It is easier to travel if you are breast-feeding, you don't have to worry about sterilized bottles or clean water to make bottle-feeds. * Find out what kind of childcare facilities the operator provides, such as baby cots, prams, highchairs etc., so that you do not have to carry these things with you. * Take toys for the journey, old and new ones, so that the baby will be occupied and will not get tired of the journey. * Once you decide on the holiday location, consult your doctor about the vaccination your baby requires before you decide the holiday dates. If there are vaccines to be taken, it is best to take them a little before the holiday date. Some vaccines cannot be taken together and may need a few weeks in between. So, you will need time to vaccinate your baby. * Take your baby sling or back carrier it will occupy less space and it will be easy to carry the baby around. * While booking your holiday, you can book a hotel that provides childcare facilities such as nannies, crèches etc. You should check them before using them and only avail them when you are sure your baby will be well taken care of. * The most difficult part of your holiday will be the journey, and with a small baby, it will not be easy. You should book an air cot well in advance. Get seats that are together, so that you have ample space on the flight. Book meals for your children in advance, it would help if they could be served before you are served. * There could be delays on the way, so you should carry enough snacks for the baby, especially drinks. It is better if the snacks don't consist of sticky food, as they are messy. * If you are holidaying in a place where the weather is hot, make sure that you carry sun block for your baby as his/her skin is delicate and more likely to get sunburns.

Polio Symptoms and Treatment in Babies Polio Symptoms , Polio Treatment, Polio Symptoms Babies: Polio has been wiped out of most countries with only a few developing nations facing its threat now. For this, babies are now being given routinely polio vaccines to ward off any possible threat to their health. However, due to polio being almost eliminated now, most parents often do not realize how important it is to vaccinate their little one against this disease. * Symptoms Given that polio can have life threatening complications, it is surprising to note that most people infected with the disease never realize that they are affected. People suffering from non-paralytic polio or abortive poliomyelitis may reveal the usual symptoms of viral illness like fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, malaise, back pain, neck pain, pain or stiffness in limbs, muscle spasms and even meningitis. Paralytic polio, which is a more serious but rare form of this disease shows initial symptoms of fever and headache and other signs of non-paralytic polio in the beginning. However, later signs like loss of reflexes, severe muscle aches or spasms, loose and floppy limbs might show up as the infection progresses. Paralysis may hit all of a sudden. * Treatment * Polio is untreatable once infected and hence the prime focus of a treatment is usually aimed on offering comfort, quick recovery and averting further complications. * The patient should be given complete bed rest. * A nutritious diet is strictly advised. * Antibiotics are usually prescribed to deal with secondary infections. * Analgesics are advised to relive pains. * Portable ventilators to help in comfortable breathing. * Physiotherapy to avoid deformity and loss of muscle function.

Indian Baby Care Tips There are various methods that one uses to ensure good health of a child. Given below are the Tips for baby’s good health care. * Make sure that Baby wearing clothes are Dry & deeply cleaned (with Dettol water). * Change nappy or clothes as soon as it gets wet or on Regular basis. * Ensure that the baby’s nails do not grow too long, cut them on regular basis. * Baby massage has been a tradition in Indian society. It is believed that regular massage helps to weight gain, improves body movement and strength of baby. * Before you take your baby for bath, get everything that you need at one place like baby soap, towel, hair oil, powder etc. * Never leave your baby alone in water. * Use only gentle baby soap. * A soft towel or soft cloth should be used to dry your baby. * Bath for a newborn baby is not required on daily basis as their skin is very delicate, Sponge bath is more suitable for a baby. * Be very gentle while bathing your baby. * Your baby could suffer from various skin problems if you do not provide proper protection to the baby skin. Use products that are especially for soft and sensitive baby skin. * Apply soft and gentle soap and shampoos which does not contains hard chemicals & use only branded products. Baby’s skin absorbs lotion easily so avoid strong moisturizers. According to season we should use body lotion (mild) cream for baby skin.

Baby Blanket Ideas Babies give one of the most beautiful sites of nature when they are wrapped in these soft blankets. Blankets for babies are very essential as they protect them from harsh weather and also make way for a cozy sleep. * You can also spread the blanket on the floor to let the baby play freely sitting on it. Blankets can also be used in strollers for the baby to sit or lie cozily. While ransacking a mothering store, you are sure to find multiple blankets, each varying in size, color, texture and pattern. * While selecting a baby blanket, make sure that it is soft lest it causes rashes to your baby. Also, any blanket you choose, it should be cute. What good would be a baby blanket if it’s not super cute and simply adorable! Take a look at the various ideas for baby blanket in the lines below. * Fleece Baby Blanket * Patched Baby Blanket * Stylish Baby Blanket

Meditation for Children Below Eight Years * From the point of view of yogic physiology, children below age eight do not need much formal meditation training. It is more important for these children that their parents learn yoga and meditation and carry yogic principles into their homes . * Children absorb the energy of the environment. If their parents practice some form of self-development, their children will grow up in a healthier, more relaxed and aware environment. * Parents need to practice meditation techniques that increase their own capacity for awareness in the midst of their busy lives, so that they can be more present and available to their children. The child needs to know that a parent is really interested in them, is really listening to and attending to them. At the same time, parents need to learn how to allow children to be themselves and to foster each child's own unique being and abilities. * One meditation technique can be used with children in this age group, however. A modified practice of yoga nidra is a deep relaxation practice in the Corpse Pose (Savasana). In this practice we cannot ask the children to feel individual parts of the body, but rather we work with awareness of larger parts. * For example, we may playfully instruct the child in body awareness by saying, "Feel that you are a statute until I count to 10. Now bend your elbows and now straighten your arms." We give similar instructions with the legs and may ask them to wiggle their toes, and so on. This takes their awareness through the body. * Once children have developed a little body awareness, we can teach them to listen to and follow outside sounds, or to visualize imaginary realms, or we can read stories that stimulate their imaginations.

Antidepressants Bad for Babies The first study, published in Obstetrics and Gynecology, evaluated more than half of a million offspring over 11 years. Of these, just over 1% of the children were exposed to an SSRI during the first trimester of pregnancy. The study provided evidence for a two- to four-fold increased risk of cardiac and neural tube defects with specific SSRIs. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders were also 10 times more likely in children exposed to an SSRI during pregnancy. * The risk of cardiac abnormalities in children exposed to SSRIs during pregnancy has been shown in many other studies over the last 15 years, with varying degrees of significance. Overall, the absolute risk of abnormalities associated with SSRIs is still very small. Other studies have reported neurobehavioral disorders, bleeding abnormalities, craniosynostosis, and abdominal malformations associated with prenatal SSRI exposure. * The second recent study reported a link between SSRI exposure during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism. This study, published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, found a two- to three-fold increase in autism spectrum disorders among children exposed to SSRIs during pregnancy. * The risk was highest when SSRI exposure occurred during the first trimester of pregnancy. The study cannot prove cause and effect, and a link between a family history of depression and autism has already been established. SSRI exposure may have less to do with the development of autism than the genetic predisposition to depression and autism. * This study was small, and its results should be interpreted cautiously. In both of the recent studies, the authors caution women not to change their mental health treatment plans without speaking to their physician. * In general, it is prudent to avoid unnecessary exposure to medication or other potentially harmful chemicals or products during pregnancy. And, the overall safety profile of SSRIs during pregnancy is questionable. But, SSRIs are also very effective antidepressants. * This class of drugs should not be removed from a mother’s possible treatment options if she requires intervention for prenatal depressive disorders. In other words, don’t throw the proverbial baby out with the bath water. * Studies like the ones published recently might cause unwarranted alarm and prevent mothers from seeking mental health care during pregnancy. Clinicians should be vigilant to confirm a diagnosis of depression during pregnancy and communicate openly with mothers about the benefits, risks, and alternatives of treatment options. Ideally, every pregnancy ends with a healthy baby and a healthy mom. * Mental health is a large piece of the puzzle for new moms and moms-to-be and the physical and psychological risks associated with depression during and after pregnancy might be worse than the risks of congenital malformations or developmental disorders to the fetus.

Chinna Pillalaku Yerpade Pramaadalu చిన్న పిల్లలకు ఏర్పడే ప్రమాదాలు చిన్నపిల్లలు ఉన్న ఇంట్లో పెద్దలు, పిల్లలను ఓ కంటకనిపెడుతూ ఎంతో జాగ్రత్తగా చూసుకోవాలి. ఎందుకంటే చిన్నారులకు అపాయాన్ని గురించి ఆలోచించే వయస్సుండదు. అనుకోకుండా కొన్ని ప్రమాదాలు ఏర్పడితే, మరికొన్నింటిని ప్రమాదమేమో అని తెలియకుండా కొని తెచ్చుకునేవి కొన్ని. పిల్లలకు ప్రమాదం కలిగితే పెద్దలు అతిగాభరా పడుతూ పిల్లల్లో భయాన్ని కలిగించకుండా, వెంటనే ప్రథమచికిత్స పద్ధతులను పాటించాలి. ఆ తర్వాత పిల్లల వైద్యునికి చూపించి, అవసమయితే చికిత్సచేయించాలి. మందులు వాడాలి. అందువల్ల, ఏ ప్రమాదానికి ఏవిధమైన ప్రథమ చికిత్స జరపవలసినదీ పెద్దలకు సరైన అవగాహన ఉండాలి * జారిపడితే : పిల్లలు నేలమీద, మెట్లమీద నుంచి ఎత్తుగా ఉండే అరుగుల మీద నుండి జారిపడి దెబ్బలు తగుల్చుకోవచ్చు. దెబ్బ తగిలిన నొప్పికంటే, భయంతో పిల్లలు ఏడ్చేస్తారు. పిల్లల ఏడుపునకు కంగారు పడకూడదు. పిల్లలను భయపడవద్దని బుజ్జగిస్తూ, ఏం జరిగిందో, ఎక్కడ ఏవిధంగా పడిందీ, దెబ్బ ఎక్కడ తగిలిందీ తెలుసుకోవాలి. చర్మం చీరుకుపోయి రక్తం వస్తుంటే డెట్టాల్‌ నీటితో చర్మాన్ని శుభ్రంగా కడిగి, టించర్‌ను దూదితో అద్దాలి. రక్తం ఆగకుండా వస్తుంటే, తడిబట్టతో కొంతసేపు నొక్కి ఉంచాలి. ఆ తర్వాత వైద్యుని వద్దకు తీసుకువెళ్ళి వైద్య సలహా ప్రకారంగా కట్టుకట్టించడమో, మందులు ఇవ్వడమో చేయాలి. * కాలినప్పుడు : చిన్నారులను వేడి వస్తువుల దగ్గరకు రానీయకుండా, వంటింట్లో పరుగులు తీయకుండా చూసుకుంటుండాలి. వేడి నీళ్ళతో ఆడాలని చేయి పెట్టినా చేతులు కాలి, లేత చర్మానికి బొబ్బలొస్తాయి.. వెంటనే పిల్లల చేతులు మీద ధారగా చన్నీళ్ళను పోయాలి. ఆ తర్వాత చల్లని నీళ్ళతో తడిపిన బట్టను చర్మం మీద ఉంచి, వెంటనే డాక్టర్‌ వద్దకు తీసుకెళ్ళాలి. చిన్నపిల్లలకు అందనంత ఎత్తులో వేడి కుక్కర్‌ను, వేడి పాత్రలను, బాణలిలాంటి వాటిని ఉంచాలి. డైనింగ్‌ టేబుల్‌ మీద, టేబుల్‌ క్లాత్‌కు క్రిందకు వేలాడుతున్నట్లుగా వేయకూడదు. చిన్నపిల్లలున్న ఇంట్లో, ఆ టేబుల్‌ క్లాత్‌ను పిల్లలు లాగి, టేబుల్‌ మీద ఉం చిన పాత్రలను, వేడి పదార్థాలను మీద వేసుకునే ప్రమాదం ఉంటుంది. వారి చర్మం కాలే ప్రమాదముంటుంది. పిల్లలకు చర్మంకాలినప్పుడు చర్మం మీద చల్లటి నీటిని ధారగాపోయడమే సరైన పద్ధతి. తేనె పూయడం లాంటివి చేయకూడదు. డాక్టర్‌కు చూపించాలి. వెంటనే, బొబ్బలను చిదపకూడదు. చర్మాన్ని రబ్‌చేయకూడదు. * కోసుకుంటే : పెద్దల నిర్లక్ష్యం, అశ్రద్ధ, మతిమరుపు వల్ల కూడా చిన్నారులకు పదునైన వస్తువులు కోసుకునే ప్రమాదం వుంది. కూరలు తరిగే కత్తిపీట, చాకు, కత్తెర, బ్లేడు లాంటి పరికరాలను వాడిన తర్వాత, వాటిని పిల్లలకు అందుబాటులో లేకుండా జాగ్రత్తగా ఉంచాలి పిల్లలు ఆడే ఆట వస్తువుల వల్ల కూడా వారికి చర్మం కోసుకుని లోతుగా దిగే ప్రమాదం ఏర్పడ వచ్చు. పదునుగా వుండే ఆట వస్తు వులు, రేకు లున్న ఇనుప బొమ్మలు, మేకులు, స్క్రూలు లాంటివి ఉన్న బొమ్మలు పిల్లలకు ఆటవస్తువులుగా కొనకూడదు. ఇవ్వకూడదు. గాజు సీసాలు, గాజుపాత్రలు పిల్లలకు అందనంత ఎత్తులో ఉంచాలి. పొరపాటుగా పిల్లలు కోసుకుని నెత్తురు కారుతుంటే, చల్లటి నీటితో తడిపిన బట్టను చుట్టాలి. లేదా ఐస్‌ ముక్కలను బట్టలో ఉంచి రక్తం కారుతున్న ప్రదేశంలో ఒత్తిపెట్టి ఉంచితే రక్తం కారటం ఆగిపోతుంది. లోతుగా కోసుకుంటే! ఆ భాగాన్ని ఎత్తుగా వుంచి, చల్లటినీటితో తడిసిన బట్టను ఉంచాలి. రక్తస్రావం ఆగిపోయిన తర్వాత, పరిశుభ్రమైన బట్టతో తెగిన ప్రదేశంలో చర్మాన్ని కప్పి, ఒదులుగా చుట్టి, ఆ తర్వాత వైద్యుని వద్దకు తీసుకువెళ్ళి చూపించి, వైద్య సలహా తీసుకోవాలి. అవసరమైన చికిత్సను చేయించాలి. * కీటకాలు కుడితే : కొన్ని రకాల కీటకాలలో కొంత విషపదార్థం ఉంటుంది. అటువంటి విషకీటకాలు కుడితే పిల్లలకు ఎలర్జీ కలిగి, ఆ తర్వాత కుట్టిన చర్మం మీద అమిత బాధకలుగుతుంది. గొంగళి పురుగులు లాంటివి కుడితే, చర్మం మీద పాకితే దురదలు, దద్దుర్లు వచ్చి పిల్లలకు బాధ కలుగుతుంది. అప్పుడు, గోరువెచ్చని నీటితో స్నానం చేయించి, దద్దుర్లు, దురద తగ్గటానికి గొంగళిపురుగు పాకిన ప్రదేశంలో విభూదిని బాగా రుద్దాలి. కొన్ని విషకీటకాలు కుడితే ఎలర్జీ ఏర్పడటమే కాకుండా, మరికొన్ని తీవ్రమైన మార్పులు వస్తాయి. దద్దుర్లు ఎర్రగా మారినప్పుడు, ఊపిరి పీల్చుకోవడంతో ఇబ్బంది కలిగినప్పుడు పెదాలు నల్లబడటం, నాలుక తడారిపోవడం లాంటి లక్షణాలు ఏర్పడితే ఎంతమాత్రం ఆలస్యం చేయకుండా పిల్లలను వైద్యుని వద్దకు తీసుకెళ్ళాలి. అవసరమైన వైద్య సహాయాన్ని పిల్లలకు అందించాలి. * మందులు, రసాయనాలు : మందులు, క్లీనింగ్‌లోషన్స్‌ పిల్లలకు అందనంత ఎత్తుగా ఉంచాలి. పిల్లలు ఏమైనా మందులు తాగినా, మందుబిళ్ళలు తిన్నా వాటిని కక్కించాలని, ఉప్పునీళ్ళు త్రాగించడం, మంచినీళ్ళు ఎక్కువగా త్రాగించడం చేయకూడదు. అలా చేసినట్లయితే కడుపులో చేరిన మందులు, వెంటనే రక్తంలో చేరే ప్రమాదం ఉంది. బిడ్డకు ప్రాణాపాయ స్థితి ఏర్పడవచ్చు. ఇటువంటివి జరిగినప్పుడు, తక్షణమే వైద్య సహాయం పొందడం చాల అవసరం. కీటకాలను సంహరించే మందులను అమిత భద్రంగా ఉంచాలి. మందును స్ప్రే చేసినప్పుడు పిల్లలను ఆ ప్రదేశానికి దూరంగా ఉంచాలి. దోమలు, నల్లులు, ఎలుకలు, బొద్దింకలు చీమల సంహారక మందులను పిల్లలు నిద్ర పోయిన తర్వాత ఉపయోగించి, పిల్లలు నిద్రలేవకుండా క్లీన్‌ చేసేయ్యాలి. వాటిని పిల్లలకు తెలియకుండా దాచాలి. పిల్లలకు ఏర్పడే కొన్ని ప్రమాదాలకు తక్షణ ప్రథమచికిత్స చేయాలి. మరికొన్ని ప్రమాదాలకు ఎంతమాత్రం ఆలస్యం జరగకుండా వైద్య చికిత్స జరగాలి. ముఖ్యంగా, పిల్లలకు ప్రమాదాలు జరిగినప్పుడు పెద్దలు, ఆందో ళన, గాభరా పిల్లల ఎదుట ప్రదర్శించకూడదు. పనులు చేసే టప్పుడు చిన్న పిల్లలున్నారన్న విషయాన్ని దృష్టిలో పెట్టుకుని మరుపు, అ శ్రద్ధ, నిర్లక్ష్యం లేకుండా ప్రవర్తించాలి. పిల్లలకు జరిగే ప్రమాదాలు ప్రాణా పాయ స్థితికి చేరకుండా తక్షణమే, చర్యలు తీసుకోవాలి.

What Parents of Kids Ask a Doctor తల్లిదండ్రులు చిన్న పిల్లల విషయంలో వైద్యులను అడిగే ప్రశ్నలు పిల్లలు చిన్నవాళ్లు. వారి సమస్యలూ చిన్నగానే అనిపిస్తాయి. కానీ ఆలోచింపజేస్తాయి. ఒకసారి ఆలోచిస్తే తీర్చడం సులువే. కనుక వీటి గురించి తెలుసుకుందాం.పిల్లలను తరచుగా పిల్లల డాక్టరు దగ్గరకు తీసుకెళ్తూ వుంటారు. మామూలుగా వచ్చే సమస్యలకు, టీకాలకోసం అది తప్పనిసరి. * పిల్లల్ని పెంచేటప్పుడు అందరికీ అనేక అనుమానాలు, ఆలోచనలు వుంటాయి. వీటిని తీర్చుకోవడం అన్నివిధాలా మంచిది. ఆ అనుమానాల గురించి తల్లిదండ్రులు తమ డాక్టరుతో చర్చించడం ఎంతో అవసరం. అలాగే తెలియని విషయాలు తెలుసుకోవడమూ మంచిదే! * పిల్లల పెరుగుదల భౌతికంగానూ, మానసికంగానూ వుంటుంది. రెంటికీ సరైన పోషణ అవసరం. మానసికంగా ఎదుగుదల అంటే సహజంగా వుండాలి. వారి ఆలోచనలు, అభిప్రాయాలు, వారికంటూ ఒక వ్యక్తిత్వం రూపుదాల్చడానికి ఇవన్నీ అవసరం. వారు ఎదగడంతోపాటూ చుట్టూ వున్న వాతావరణంలోనూ వారు ఇమడగలగాలి. * ఆ విషయాలేంటో పరిశీలిద్దాం.ఎక్కువగా పెద్దల్లో ఈ భయాలు మొదటి సంతానంలో వుంటాయి. రెండోవారికి వచ్చేసరికి పెద్దలకు పూర్తి అవగాహన, అనుభవం ఏర్పడుతుంది. కనుక పెంపకం సులువవుతుంది. తల్లిదండ్రులు వైద్యులను అడిగే అనుమానాలలో కొన్ని... * పండ్లురావడం: జ్వరం, సొల్లుకారడం, చికాకుపడటం, నీళ్ల వీరోచనాలు, మొహం ఎర్రబడటం... ఇవన్నీ పళ్లు కొత్తగా వచ్చేప్పుడు వుంటాయనేది తల్లిదండ్రుల అపోహ. చిన్నపిల్లలకు ఏడాది లోపల సహజంగా వచ్చే జ్వరం, దగ్గు, పడిశం ఆ సమయంలోనూ రావచ్చు. కానీ పళ్లు రావడానికి, జ్వరానికీ సంబంధం లేదు. పండ్లు వచ్చేటపుడు సొల్లుకారడం, పాప చికాకుపడటం ఉండొచ్చు. కానీ పళ్లు రావడానికీ, తక్కిన లక్షణాలకూ సంబంధంలేదు. అది యాదృచ్ఛికం మాత్రమే. జ్వరం వచ్చినా, సరిగా తినకపోయినా వైద్యుని సంప్రదించాలి. * నిద్ర సమస్య: నిద్రసమస్య పసి వయసులో ఎక్కువ. అది తల్లిదండ్రులకు కష్టంగాను, భయంగానూ ఉండొచ్చు. పెరిగే పిల్లల్లో 'నిద్ర' పద్ధతి వయసును బట్టి మారుతుంది. ఉదాహరణకు మొదటి రెండు మూడు నెలల్లో పగలు నిద్రపోయి, రాత్రిపూట మేలుకొని వుంటారు. అలాంటపుడు కంగారుపడకూడదు. రాత్రి పడుకోబోయేముందు కథ చెపుతూనో, కబుర్లతోనో నిద్రపుచ్చడం అవసరం. ఒక బొమ్మను పక్కనుంచడం, నచ్చిన బొమ్మల దుప్పటి కప్పుకోమనడం చేయాలి. ఇవన్నీ వారు క్రమంగా నిద్రలోకి జారుకోవడానికి తోడ్పడతాయి. పక్కనే తల్లిదండ్రులు వున్నారన్న భరోసా వుంటేనే వారు బాగా నిద్రపోతారు.

Child Health Care Tips Here you will find a health care tips for child that will be useful, beneficial, and most importantly give you and your children peace of mind. * Baby Massage : Baby massage is a good old tradition of nurturing the infants, followed by people since centuries. Take few drops of olive oil in your palm and apply it in the circular motion. But be careful your child body is delicate so do not give pressure to your hands while massaging. * Growing Teeth : Make small pieces of potato and cool them in your fridge. Give you child pieces of cold potato and tell him to place them inside his mouth on the tooth that is paining. The cold will sooth the pain. This works well with cucumber too. Find Doctor. * Skin Care : Your baby could suffer from various skin problems if you do not provide proper protection to the baby skin. Use products that are especially for soft and sensitive baby skin. Apply soft and gentle soap and shampoos which does not contains hard chemicals & use only branded products. Baby’s skin absorbs lotion easily so avoid strong moisturizers. According to season you should use body lotion (mild) cream for baby skin. * Bath Time : Before you take your baby for bath, get everything that you need at one place. Never leave your baby alone in water. Use only gentle baby soap. A soft towel or cloth should be used to dry your baby. Sponge bath is more suitable for newborn babies as their skin is very delicate. * Leg Bicycling : Just keep your baby on his back and firmly hold his legs in a half bent position. Next, start moving his legs in a manner, as if he is paddling a bicycle. See that you do it gently. Maintain a steady pace, neither do it too fast, nor make it too slow. This will help in controlling your baby constipation. * Cold Treatment : Use a cool mist humidifier in your infants bedroom. A humidifier adds moisture to the air, which helps ease your baby’s congestion and cough. Use water only. Do not add any oils or medicines to the humidifier unless directed by your pediatrician. * Fever Cure : Take a dry cloth, dip it into the vessel making it completely wet and drain out the excess water. Place it on the baby’s forehead for two minutes and repeat the process. You should be doing this three to four times in a day for at least 20 to 25 minutes. This will help lower the temperature to a great extent. * Earache : Oils can be very soothing to an inflamed eardrum. Place a few drops of olive oil, castor oil or mineral oil into your child’s ear. You can also gently warm the oil first, but be very careful not to make it too hot because that could damage the eardrum.

Storing Breast Milk Tips There are bags that are specially made to store expressed breast milk. You can use small disposable bottle bags or small glass or plastic bottles as well. Depending on how soon you want to use the expressed milk, you can either refrigerate or freeze it. Here are a few tips to follow: * Fresh expressed milk can be stored for ten hours at room temperature. Milk brought to room temperature after refrigerating or freezing must be used within half an hour. * Fresh expressed milk can be refrigerated for anything between five to seven days. Taste the milk to find out whether it is fresh, before giving it to your baby. * You can store freshly expressed milk for up to six months in an average freezer, depending on the efficiency of the freezer. * Make sure you store in the coldest part of the freezer and away from the door. * Pumped milk that has been refrigerated for less than 48 hours can be frozen. If refrigerated for more that 48 hours, it should not be frozen. * Freezing causes breast milk to expand. While filling bottles or bags, leave about one inch from the top, so that there is place to accommodate this expansion. If you are using a disposable bag, fold the top and fasten it with a rubber band. * Milk containers should be labeled with the time and date on which it was expressed. * If you can express large quantities of milk, do not store it in a big bottle or bag. Use small bags or bottles. The baby will need only small quantities at a time and you can defreeze one small bag or bottle each time. Thus, wastage will be minimized. * If you want to transport stored breast milk to use away from home, keep it cold till you use it. Use a cooler with ice or frozen packs to keep the milk cold, while transporting it. * The oldest milk should be used first.

Common Heart Problems in Children Two common congenital heart diseases are atrial septal defect and ventricular septal defect. In atrial septal defect, there is a hole between the two atria of the heart. In ventricular septal defect, there is a hole between the two ventricles. These holes cause oxygenated blood to move from the left side of the heart to the right side and then to the lungs. * This can lead to accumulation of blood in the lungs and heart failure if the hole is big. If the hole is small, a child may experience no symptoms. Despite this fact, the Cincinnati Children's Heart Institute advises that children with small holes in the heart should be monitored by a cardiologist. * Some children are born with heart problems like pulmonary valvular stenosis and coarctation the the aorta. These conditions obstruct the flow of blood through the heart. Normally blood flows from the right ventricle into the lungs through the pulmonary artery. There is a valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. When this valve is stenosed, or narrow, blood isn't able to move freely to the lungs. * This condition is known as pulmonary valvular stenosis, and it can lead to low blood oxygen levels, along with fatigue. The aorta supplies oxygenated blood to every part of the body. In coarctation of the aorta, part of the aorta is narrow, which prevents free blood flow. It can also lead to low oxygen in the blood. * Children acquire heart diseases due to factors like infection and for also unknown reasons. Kawasaki disease and rheumatic fever are the two major causes of acquired heart disease in children living in the United States, notes the American Heart Association. The cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown, but it typically affects children younger than five years and occurs more frequently in boys. * It causes inflammation of the heart and damages the coronary arteries and heart valves. Kawasaki disease can lead to a heart attack. Rheumatic heart disease is caused by a throat infection and leads to damaged heart valves. It usually occurs in children between five and 15 years old.